Passive Voice

Usamos a voz passiva em inglês quando destacamos a ação do verbo em si, o objeto que recebe a ação. A pessoa que praticou a ação – o agente – fica em segundo plano e freqüentemente não é mencionado. Prefere-se a voz passiva, por exemplo, na linguagem impessoal, quando não interessa o agente ou ele é indefinido, ou desconhecido, ou óbvio. A voz passiva é formada em inglês com o auxiliar to be + past. participle do verbo principal. Veja a tabela abaixo:

Tempo verbal

Voz ativa

Voz passiva

Simple present

Take/takes

Is/are taken

Simple past

Took

Was/were taken

Present Continuous

Am/is/are taking

Am/is/are being taken

Past continuous

Was/were taking

Was/were being taken

Simple Future

Will take

Will be taken

Simple conditional

Would take

Would be taken

Present perfect

Have/has taken

Have/has been taken

Past perfect

Had taken

Had been taken

Modal auxiliary

Can/could/must/etc...

Modal+be+past.part.

Exemplos:

Voz ativa

Voz passiva

My father is a builder. He builds the house.

The house is built (by my father).

My father built the house.

The house was built.

My father is building the house.

The house is being built.

My father was building the house.

The house was being built.

My father will build the house.

The house will be built.

My father would build the house.

The house would be built.

My father has built the house.

The house has been built.

My father had built the house.

The house had been built.

My father could build the house.

The house could be built.


Compare estes outros exemplos:

Somebody cleans this room everyday.
This room is cleaned everyday.

Martin washed his car yesterday.
His car was washed yesterday.

The maid will do the dishes later.
The dishes will be done later.

The room looks nice. Somebody has put it away.
It has been put away.

The room looked nice. Somebody had put it away.
It had been put away.

She is making a cornmeal cake now.
The cornmeal cake is being made now.

She was making the cornmeal cake when I arrived.
The cornmeal cake was being made when I arrived.

Comentários

Mariana disse…
obrigada!
Yurinhuw disse…
Vlw mesmo!
ótima essa dica..sempre tenho problemas com gramática em inglês..[ashushasuahsua
Anônimo disse…
vlw esclareceu
Anônimo disse…
vlwww
Anônimo disse…
Muito obrigado!

Estou pronto pra fazer prova agora.

Abraço,

Francisco
guilherme12fran disse…
muuuito bom.
parabens (:
Anônimo disse…
otimo resumo! Quem nao conhece o idioma pouco ajuda, mas para quem conhece, tira varias duvidas, um resuminho facil, vc olha e lembra oq e como fazer :D
Anônimo disse…
ótimo Resumo..Adorei venhi sempre aqui..!
bjO obrigadaa
*Lô* *Rocha* disse…
Adorei essse resumo, me ajudou bastante em um trabalho, mt obg!
Anônimo disse…
Espero conseguir passar na prova final com essa sua dica
Anônimo disse…
vlw manolo...

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