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Friday the 13 th's word of the day: paraskavedekatriaphobia

"I'm not coming out of the house," Sharp said Thursday, before correcting herself. "I'm going to get my paycheck and then I'm not coming out."
Sharp, an 18-year-old sales associate from North Charleston, believes Friday the 13th to be unlucky, much like walking under ladders and black cats crossing her path (she's afraid of those, too.)
To her, spending the day outside might tempt the fates and perhaps result in a car wreck. "I don't go nowhere, for real," she said. "It's a bad luck day."
While most Americans consider Friday the 13th just another day, the fear that something bad could happen (being forced to sit through "Friday the 13th Part X," for instance) is very real for some.
There's even a scientific term for being afraid of Friday the 13th: paraskavedekatriaphobia. Try saying that three times, or even once. (Hint: It rhymes with "Share Us a Way Make a Try"-aphobia.)
The fear is pervasive enough in our society that there are several Web sites — not FDA-approved, mind you — that promise they can correct the problem in the time it takes to put new brakes on your car. Experts advise those who do have a paralyzing fear of the day to seek professional help.
Edmund Kern, associate professor of history at Lawrence University in Appleton, Wis., specializes in religious culture and the history of magic and witchcraft. Superstitions evolve through association and stories rather than meaning and logic, he said, and can be put in perspective by looking at the historical origins:
The belief that the number 13 is a bad omen goes back to the ancient Romans, Kern said. The fear of Friday dates to the 14th century and Geoffrey Chaucer, who considered it an unlucky day to begin a trip, he said, though the combination of Friday and 13 being a bad omen didn't emerge until the late 19th or early 20th century, likely brought on by the spread of mass media (we're always happy to help).
"There's no reason or rationality behind superstitions," Kern said. "I think superstitions persist because they offer some sense of control in a world that is largely beyond our control."
Courtney Palmer, a saleswoman from Charleston, said she used to believe Friday the 13th was unlucky until her daughter was born on July 13 last year. "I used to be (superstitious) until Jamie was born, and I realized her birthday was going to be on Friday the 13th every seven years," Palmer said.
She's still superstitious about other things, though. Her daughter broke a mirror recently, and Palmer can't help but wonder whether that played a part in little Jamie's cold or diaper rash.
Others fly in the face of superstitions. "Thirteen is my lucky number," Marie Sando of Summerville said. "I play 13 when I play the Lotto." She might not have won big money, but that's beside the point. Melissa Lee, a 23-year-old tattoo artist and body piercer says she intentionally does unlucky things on Friday the 13th to prove it's all a bunch of hooey.
"I look forward to it," Lee said. "I'll walk under ladders, play with a black cat, just to have people stare at me."
You just don't get that sort of attention on Mondays.

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Infinitive and Gerund

O infinitivo é a forma original do verbo tal qual se encontra num dicionário. Pode aparecer na frase com ou sem o “to”. O gerúndio é o verbo com a terminação –ing.

O infinitivo com “to” é de uso mais amplo aparecendo após a grande maioria dos verbos, adjetivos, advérbios, nomes, pronomes, etc:

I expect to be there.
This car is hard to park.
She knows where to find the keys.

Também pode indicar propósito, finalidade:

They went there to buy something = They went there in order to buy something.

Use o infinitivo sem o “to”:

1. após modal verbs (can, could, must, etc.)
2. após os auxiliares do-does-did-will-would
3. após had better, would rather, rather than
4. após as preposições but e except: She did nothing but complain.
5. após os verbos make e let: You make me feel brand new.
Let me help you!

O gerúndio é usado como substantivo nas funções de sujeito, objeto indireto ou objeto indireto (após preposição use sempre o gerúndio):

1. Swimming is his favourite sport.
2. He likes …

Prepositions

Preposições são palavras usadas com nomes para mostrar sua relação com outras palavras da sentença.A seguir, apresentamos as principais preposições em inglês e seu uso:TimePlaceInMeses:In JanuaryCidades:In LondonAnos, séculos: in 1995Estados:In ArkansasEstações: in winterPaíses:in NicaraguaPartes do dia: in the morning, in the afternoon, in the eveningContinentes: In AsiaOnDias da semana:on SundayRuas, avenidas, praças:on Portugal AvenueDatas (mês +dia) on April the 3rdDeterminadas datas:On Christimas dayAtHoras:at 7Endereços (rua +número):at 456 Lincoln St.Certos feriados:At ChristmasLugares públicos:at the club, at the airport, at a party Na dúvida, as sugestões abaixo podem ajudá-lo a resolvê-la, mas lembre-se:o uso nem sempre segue a regra geral.Use in para indicar “dentro de alguma coisa”:In the box

Simple Present

Descreve um fato ou estado permanente, ou uma ação que acontece com freqüência no presente.A forma básica do presente dos verbos principais na afirmativa é a mesma do infinitivo (aquela forma que você encontra no dicionário) sem o to (to smoke ® smoke) com exceção das 3as pessoas do singular (he/she/it) que levam um “s”:I get up at 7 everyday.She gets up at 7 everyday.Nas frases negativas do presente usa-se do not = don’t, para I, You, We, They e does not = doesn’t, para He, She, It.O verbo principal seguido do auxiliar sempre fica no infinitivo sem o to:I don’t like coffee.She doesn’t like coffee.Mary and John don’t eat meat.They’re vegetarian.As frases interrogativas são formadas colocando-se do ou does no início das perguntas sendo precedidos apenas por pronomes interrogativos.O verbo principal sempre fica no infinitivo sem o to.Nas respostas curtas, do-don’t, does-doesn’t substituem o verbo principal:Do you like hamburguers?Does it often rain in Bahamas?What time do you usually go…